6 Skills Every Kid Should Know Before Kindergarten

Kindergarten readiness is more about "soft skills" than the ABCs and 123s. By Common Sense Media Editors
6 Skills Every Kid Should Know Before Kindergarten

Stressed out about your kid's entry into kindergarten? Scouring the app store for resources to help your little one learn letters, numbers, shapes, and colors before school even starts?

That's normal. But it's not really necessary. We all want our kids to be prepared for kindergarten -- and many of us turn to preschool and pre-K educational products hoping for an advantage. But the truth is, kindergarten readiness is less about the ABCs and 123s than you might think. What really makes for a successful start to schooling may surprise you.

We've rounded up the six most important things you can do to get your child ready for kindergarten, with suggestions for great media picks that may help. 

Encourage a love of learning. While kindergarten may be your immediate focus, you're really laying the foundation for lifelong learning. It's more important for your child to enjoy learning than to master facts and figures. Nurture curiosity, encourage questions, support critical thinking, and model being a learner yourself. Try:

Help your kindergartner get along well with others. Much of school -- and life -- involves relating to and working with those around you. Kids who can share, take turns, play well with peers, and resolve conflicts are starting the game ahead. Check out:

Support self-control and planning skills. Young kids are just beginning to learn crucial self-regulation and executive functioning skills. Child development experts call this internal "air traffic control" -- and it's key to success in school. Even kindergartners have to manage a lot of information, avoid distractions, and carry out plans. Help your kid practice remembering a sequence (after breakfast, we brush our teeth, put our shoes on, and go to school), curbing impulses (grabbing other kids' toys), and adapting when things don't go as planned. Try:

Talk and read … a lot. One of the strongest predictors of later success in reading and other school subjects is early vocabulary -- and oral language skills in general. Talk to your kids, use challenging words, describe what they mean, read to them, play word games, make up nonsense rhymes and stories together, teach listening skills, listen to them, sing songs -- anything that emphasizes language. These may help:

Boost independence. Kindergarten is a big transition into a world of strange adults and peers, especially if your kid hasn't had much preschool experience. But there's lots you can do at home to set the stage: Teach kids to put away their things and to carry out basic routines independently. These picks can help your child prepare for the novelty -- and inevitable separation anxiety -- that school brings. Try:

Provide opportunities to learn the three Rs. The "softer" skills above are core to kindergarten readiness. But if your kid's showing interest, these cool tools can introduce the building blocks of reading, writing, math, and more. Try:

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Comments (3)

Parent of an infant and 2 year old written by Cupcake Mom

This year is Jillian-Mae is leaving her Momma for the first time. She's not super far away (I am a stay at home mom, and it takes 2 minutes for me to get to playgroup from home) Unlike you moms that have 1 child that you're sending to first grade, I have a little one to hang onto.
Parent of a 4 year old written by EChilds4

Thank you for this helpful article! I have been worried about my daughter being ready for kindergarten - and she still has another year! She's just not interested in letters or things like that right now, but there is so much pressure for even preschoolers to know their letters, the sounds they make, writing their name. I just try to remind myself that every child will learn at their own pace and in their own way. This list will help with that. Thank you!