The A+ Solution to the Homework Gap

Last updated Mar 1, 2024.

The Emergency Connectivity Fund (ECF) is a federal program that allows schools and libraries to provide laptops, tablets, and home internet service to students and library patrons who would otherwise lack them. It was created, in part, based on our research into the homework gap. To date, the ECF has connected over 12 million people nationwide. However, the fund will soon run out of money, and, when it does, the millions of students and patrons it is connecting may fall back into the digital divide.

We can't allow that to happen. Devices and internet service are as vital to a student's daily life as textbooks. They enable homework, extracurriculars, internships, creativity, and socializing. Colleges and employers expect applicants to be fluent in their use. By providing access to these technologies, the ECF is giving digitally divided kids the same opportunities as their connected peers.

The interactive map below shows how much money each state has been awarded by the ECF and what that money is being used to purchase. If the ECF ends, the connectivity represented in this map will, too. Help us highlight the ongoing need for student connectivity by sharing your story below.

7,158,442

Home internet connections

11,454,375

Laptops and tablets

$5,556,829,766

Total ECF awards

State ECF Data

Hover over a state to see details. Click to read educator stories.

Alabama's ECF Connectivity

79,477

Home internet connections

173,959

Laptops and tablets

$62,550,199

Alabama's ECF awards

Alaska's ECF Connectivity

8,919

Home internet connections

21,803

Laptops and tablets

$47,963,938

Alaska's ECF awards

Arizona's ECF Connectivity

80,335

Home internet connections

391,679

Laptops and tablets

$158,339,350

Arizona's ECF awards

Arkansas's ECF Connectivity

28,549

Home internet connections

108,289

Laptops and tablets

$40,940,465

Arkansas's ECF awards

California's ECF Connectivity

1,235,175

Home internet connections

1,297,058

Laptops and tablets

$782,494,368

California's ECF awards

Colorado's ECF Connectivity

36,148

Home internet connections

113,091

Laptops and tablets

$45,301,392

Colorado's ECF awards

's ECF Connectivity

25,073

Home internet connections

122,969

Laptops and tablets

$49,055,123

's ECF awards

Delaware's ECF Connectivity

760

Home internet connections

37,019

Laptops and tablets

$14,030,430

Delaware's ECF awards

Washington D.C.'s ECF Connectivity

53,067

Home internet connections

35,467

Laptops and tablets

$22,306,053

Washington D.C.'s ECF awards

Florida's ECF Connectivity

168,747

Home internet connections

544,746

Laptops and tablets

$235,176,593

Florida's ECF awards

Georgia's ECF Connectivity

113,106

Home internet connections

450,876

Laptops and tablets

$178,433,325

Georgia's ECF awards

Guam's ECF Connectivity

9,013

Home internet connections

9,013

Laptops and tablets

$6,327,126

Guam's ECF awards

Hawaii's ECF Connectivity

88,735

Home internet connections

117,115

Laptops and tablets

$73,016,048

Hawaii's ECF awards

Idaho's ECF Connectivity

11,876

Home internet connections

79,504

Laptops and tablets

$31,793,081

Idaho's ECF awards

Illinois's ECF Connectivity

135,934

Home internet connections

542,026

Laptops and tablets

$219,236,283

Illinois's ECF awards

Indiana's ECF Connectivity

37,631

Home internet connections

178,156

Laptops and tablets

$72,522,473

Indiana's ECF awards

Iowa's ECF Connectivity

16,635

Home internet connections

71,866

Laptops and tablets

$28,356,233

Iowa's ECF awards

Kansas's ECF Connectivity

36,737

Home internet connections

58,819

Laptops and tablets

$28,932,676

Kansas's ECF awards

Kentucky's ECF Connectivity

139,082

Home internet connections

172,922

Laptops and tablets

$80,584,901

Kentucky's ECF awards

Louisiana's ECF Connectivity

38,430

Home internet connections

211,081

Laptops and tablets

$84,281,844

Louisiana's ECF awards

Maine's ECF Connectivity

8,339

Home internet connections

15,022

Laptops and tablets

$7,695,059

Maine's ECF awards

Maryland's ECF Connectivity

95,592

Home internet connections

169,912

Laptops and tablets

$81,758,171

Maryland's ECF awards

Massachusetts's ECF Connectivity

56,267

Home internet connections

187,229

Laptops and tablets

$74,802,524

Massachusetts's ECF awards

Michigan's ECF Connectivity

152,115

Home internet connections

296,002

Laptops and tablets

$144,755,205

Michigan's ECF awards

Minnesota's ECF Connectivity

53,477

Home internet connections

197,540

Laptops and tablets

$68,402,395

Minnesota's ECF awards

Mississippi's ECF Connectivity

53,241

Home internet connections

42,549

Laptops and tablets

$30,226,393

Mississippi's ECF awards

Missouri's ECF Connectivity

106,774

Home internet connections

217,116

Laptops and tablets

$96,412,330

Missouri's ECF awards

Montana's ECF Connectivity

2,003

Home internet connections

15,036

Laptops and tablets

$5,356,846

Montana's ECF awards

Nebraska's ECF Connectivity

2,253

Home internet connections

91,404

Laptops and tablets

$34,042,942

Nebraska's ECF awards

Nevada's ECF Connectivity

21,079

Home internet connections

29,814

Laptops and tablets

$20,104,391

Nevada's ECF awards

New Hampshire's ECF Connectivity

2,487

Home internet connections

20,952

Laptops and tablets

$6,310,333

New Hampshire's ECF awards

New Jersey's ECF Connectivity

147,661

Home internet connections

331,393

Laptops and tablets

$135,505,762

New Jersey's ECF awards

New Mexico's ECF Connectivity

56,267

Home internet connections

123,321

Laptops and tablets

$69,244,444

New Mexico's ECF awards

New York's ECF Connectivity

2,237,946

Home internet connections

1,264,951

Laptops and tablets

$763,726,821

New York's ECF awards

North Carolina's ECF Connectivity

108,717

Home internet connections

376,700

Laptops and tablets

$154,187,523

North Carolina's ECF awards

North Dakota's ECF Connectivity

797

Home internet connections

8,421

Laptops and tablets

$3,586,152

North Dakota's ECF awards

's ECF Connectivity

125

Home internet connections

125

Laptops and tablets

$

's ECF awards

Ohio's ECF Connectivity

157,751

Home internet connections

269,079

Laptops and tablets

$127,752,912

Ohio's ECF awards

Oklahoma's ECF Connectivity

137,831

Home internet connections

223,891

Laptops and tablets

$109,036,507

Oklahoma's ECF awards

Oregon's ECF Connectivity

36,020

Home internet connections

211,312

Laptops and tablets

$87,795,389

Oregon's ECF awards

Pennsylvania's ECF Connectivity

108,530

Home internet connections

202,228

Laptops and tablets

$98,057,615

Pennsylvania's ECF awards

Puerto Rico's ECF Connectivity

198,497

Home internet connections

21,486

Laptops and tablets

$106,623,733

Puerto Rico's ECF awards

Rhode Island's ECF Connectivity

7,361

Home internet connections

50,813

Laptops and tablets

$19,789,887

Rhode Island's ECF awards

South Carolina's ECF Connectivity

16,452

Home internet connections

104,568

Laptops and tablets

$47,926,171

South Carolina's ECF awards

South Dakota's ECF Connectivity

4,629

Home internet connections

22,387

Laptops and tablets

$7,561,123

South Dakota's ECF awards

Tennessee's ECF Connectivity

63,137

Home internet connections

124,727

Laptops and tablets

$60,859,321

Tennessee's ECF awards

Texas's ECF Connectivity

684,981

Home internet connections

1,287,594

Laptops and tablets

$570,618,552

Texas's ECF awards

Utah's ECF Connectivity

18,506

Home internet connections

106,402

Laptops and tablets

$33,727,055

Utah's ECF awards

Vermont's ECF Connectivity

5,683

Home internet connections

9,412

Laptops and tablets

$5,409,940

Vermont's ECF awards

Virgin Islands's ECF Connectivity

80

Home internet connections

0

Laptops and tablets

$4,869,872

Virgin Islands's ECF awards

Virginia's ECF Connectivity

76,489

Home internet connections

180,593

Laptops and tablets

$82,501,697

Virginia's ECF awards

Washington's ECF Connectivity

65,176

Home internet connections

249,862

Laptops and tablets

$107,309,668

Washington's ECF awards

West Virginia's ECF Connectivity

81,247

Home internet connections

21,378

Laptops and tablets

$44,455,568

West Virginia's ECF awards

Wisconsin's ECF Connectivity

45,528

Home internet connections

237,208

Laptops and tablets

$75,346,534

Wisconsin's ECF awards

Wyoming's ECF Connectivity

1,975

Home internet connections

6,490

Laptops and tablets

$3,825,365

Wyoming's ECF awards

Alabama ECF Data

In Alabama, there are 79,477 Home internet connections 173,959 Laptops and tablets and $62,550,199 ECF awards

Alaska ECF Data

In Alaska, there are 8,919 Home internet connections 21,803 Laptops and tablets and $47,963,938 ECF awards

Arizona ECF Data

In Arizona, there are 80,335 Home internet connections 391,679 Laptops and tablets and $158,339,350 ECF awards

Arkansas ECF Data

In Arkansas, there are 28,549 Home internet connections 108,289 Laptops and tablets and $40,940,465 ECF awards

California ECF Data

In California, there are 1,235,175 Home internet connections 1,297,058 Laptops and tablets and $782,494,368 ECF awards

Colorado ECF Data

In Colorado, there are 36,148 Home internet connections 113,091 Laptops and tablets and $45,301,392 ECF awards

ECF Data

In , there are 25,073 Home internet connections 122,969 Laptops and tablets and $49,055,123 ECF awards

Delaware ECF Data

In Delaware, there are 760 Home internet connections 37,019 Laptops and tablets and $14,030,430 ECF awards

Washington D.C. ECF Data

In Washington D.C., there are 53,067 Home internet connections 35,467 Laptops and tablets and $22,306,053 ECF awards

Florida ECF Data

In Florida, there are 168,747 Home internet connections 544,746 Laptops and tablets and $235,176,593 ECF awards

Georgia ECF Data

In Georgia, there are 113,106 Home internet connections 450,876 Laptops and tablets and $178,433,325 ECF awards

Guam ECF Data

In Guam, there are 9,013 Home internet connections 9,013 Laptops and tablets and $6,327,126 ECF awards

Hawaii ECF Data

In Hawaii, there are 88,735 Home internet connections 117,115 Laptops and tablets and $73,016,048 ECF awards

Idaho ECF Data

In Idaho, there are 11,876 Home internet connections 79,504 Laptops and tablets and $31,793,081 ECF awards

Illinois ECF Data

In Illinois, there are 135,934 Home internet connections 542,026 Laptops and tablets and $219,236,283 ECF awards

Indiana ECF Data

In Indiana, there are 37,631 Home internet connections 178,156 Laptops and tablets and $72,522,473 ECF awards

Iowa ECF Data

In Iowa, there are 16,635 Home internet connections 71,866 Laptops and tablets and $28,356,233 ECF awards

Kansas ECF Data

In Kansas, there are 36,737 Home internet connections 58,819 Laptops and tablets and $28,932,676 ECF awards

Kentucky ECF Data

In Kentucky, there are 139,082 Home internet connections 172,922 Laptops and tablets and $80,584,901 ECF awards

Louisiana ECF Data

In Louisiana, there are 38,430 Home internet connections 211,081 Laptops and tablets and $84,281,844 ECF awards

Maine ECF Data

In Maine, there are 8,339 Home internet connections 15,022 Laptops and tablets and $7,695,059 ECF awards

Maryland ECF Data

In Maryland, there are 95,592 Home internet connections 169,912 Laptops and tablets and $81,758,171 ECF awards

Massachusetts ECF Data

In Massachusetts, there are 56,267 Home internet connections 187,229 Laptops and tablets and $74,802,524 ECF awards

Michigan ECF Data

In Michigan, there are 152,115 Home internet connections 296,002 Laptops and tablets and $144,755,205 ECF awards

Minnesota ECF Data

In Minnesota, there are 53,477 Home internet connections 197,540 Laptops and tablets and $68,402,395 ECF awards

Mississippi ECF Data

In Mississippi, there are 53,241 Home internet connections 42,549 Laptops and tablets and $30,226,393 ECF awards

Missouri ECF Data

In Missouri, there are 106,774 Home internet connections 217,116 Laptops and tablets and $96,412,330 ECF awards

Montana ECF Data

In Montana, there are 2,003 Home internet connections 15,036 Laptops and tablets and $5,356,846 ECF awards

Nebraska ECF Data

In Nebraska, there are 2,253 Home internet connections 91,404 Laptops and tablets and $34,042,942 ECF awards

Nevada ECF Data

In Nevada, there are 21,079 Home internet connections 29,814 Laptops and tablets and $20,104,391 ECF awards

New Hampshire ECF Data

In New Hampshire, there are 2,487 Home internet connections 20,952 Laptops and tablets and $6,310,333 ECF awards

New Jersey ECF Data

In New Jersey, there are 147,661 Home internet connections 331,393 Laptops and tablets and $135,505,762 ECF awards

New Mexico ECF Data

In New Mexico, there are 56,267 Home internet connections 123,321 Laptops and tablets and $69,244,444 ECF awards

New York ECF Data

In New York, there are 2,237,946 Home internet connections 1,264,951 Laptops and tablets and $763,726,821 ECF awards

North Carolina ECF Data

In North Carolina, there are 108,717 Home internet connections 376,700 Laptops and tablets and $154,187,523 ECF awards

North Dakota ECF Data

In North Dakota, there are 797 Home internet connections 8,421 Laptops and tablets and $3,586,152 ECF awards

ECF Data

In , there are 125 Home internet connections 125 Laptops and tablets and $ ECF awards

Ohio ECF Data

In Ohio, there are 157,751 Home internet connections 269,079 Laptops and tablets and $127,752,912 ECF awards

Oklahoma ECF Data

In Oklahoma, there are 137,831 Home internet connections 223,891 Laptops and tablets and $109,036,507 ECF awards

Oregon ECF Data

In Oregon, there are 36,020 Home internet connections 211,312 Laptops and tablets and $87,795,389 ECF awards

Pennsylvania ECF Data

In Pennsylvania, there are 108,530 Home internet connections 202,228 Laptops and tablets and $98,057,615 ECF awards

Puerto Rico ECF Data

In Puerto Rico, there are 198,497 Home internet connections 21,486 Laptops and tablets and $106,623,733 ECF awards

Rhode Island ECF Data

In Rhode Island, there are 7,361 Home internet connections 50,813 Laptops and tablets and $19,789,887 ECF awards

South Carolina ECF Data

In South Carolina, there are 16,452 Home internet connections 104,568 Laptops and tablets and $47,926,171 ECF awards

South Dakota ECF Data

In South Dakota, there are 4,629 Home internet connections 22,387 Laptops and tablets and $7,561,123 ECF awards

Tennessee ECF Data

In Tennessee, there are 63,137 Home internet connections 124,727 Laptops and tablets and $60,859,321 ECF awards

Texas ECF Data

In Texas, there are 684,981 Home internet connections 1,287,594 Laptops and tablets and $570,618,552 ECF awards

Utah ECF Data

In Utah, there are 18,506 Home internet connections 106,402 Laptops and tablets and $33,727,055 ECF awards

Vermont ECF Data

In Vermont, there are 5,683 Home internet connections 9,412 Laptops and tablets and $5,409,940 ECF awards

Virgin Islands ECF Data

In Virgin Islands, there are 80 Home internet connections 0 Laptops and tablets and $4,869,872 ECF awards

Virginia ECF Data

In Virginia, there are 76,489 Home internet connections 180,593 Laptops and tablets and $82,501,697 ECF awards

Washington ECF Data

In Washington, there are 65,176 Home internet connections 249,862 Laptops and tablets and $107,309,668 ECF awards

West Virginia ECF Data

In West Virginia, there are 81,247 Home internet connections 21,378 Laptops and tablets and $44,455,568 ECF awards

Wisconsin ECF Data

In Wisconsin, there are 45,528 Home internet connections 237,208 Laptops and tablets and $75,346,534 ECF awards

Wyoming ECF Data

In Wyoming, there are 1,975 Home internet connections 6,490 Laptops and tablets and $3,825,365 ECF awards

Sources: USAC Emergency Connectivity Fund FCC Form 471; FCC Emergency Connectivity Fund Waves 1-11 Obligations by State.

Stories

Location: Phoenix, AZ
Contact Name: Chad Geston
School/District: Phoenix Union High School District
Story:
ESS students who participate in Upward and Onward, a work based learning program, are able to travel to multiple sites while they are learning job skills at different sites and still use their laptops and hotspots to stay connected to school.The laptops and hotspots created the conditions that allowed them to continue to learn and minimize disruption to learning while not physically present at their schools.

If ECF is discontinued, PXU will have to look towards other funding sources to continue to provide laptops as part of our 1:1 initiative.The lack of access to digital resources and courses creates barriers to completing homework, class assignments, graduation and developing real world work based skills. PXU's ability to support the flexibility of learning in some of our schools, particularly PXU Digital Academy and our newest school, PXU City could be significantly impacted.

Location: Oakland, CA
Contact Name: Dr. Kyla Johnson-Trammell
School/District: Oakland Unified School District
Story:
The COVID-19 pandemic exposed many inequities affecting OUSD students. At the onset of school closures, we found that only 12% of our low-income students had the resources needed to fully participate in distance learning. We were fortunate to be part of a citywide coalition, namely #OaklandUndivided, that raised this to 97% today. However, existing District funds and philanthropy cannot permanently close the digital divide for our students.

The Emergency Connectivity Fund (ECF) has become a critical and continuing means for us to ensure that every OUSD student has access to a home computer and internet connection. We hope to see this program continue for years to come so that we can confidently state that every OUSD student has the necessary digital tools to graduate college, career, and community ready.

Location: Reno, NV
Contact Name: Chris Turner
School/District: Washoe County School District
Story:
When the pandemic hit in March 2020, there was a significant gap between the haves and have nots. Our 1:1 schools were well prepared having already supplied students with devices before sending them home for pandemic break. But the non 1:1 schools were forced to distribute paper packets, which was a tremendous logistical effort.

A district-wide 1:1 device ratio would have been extremely helpful before the pandemic, but it remains critically important going forward. It would simplify textbook delivery and access to digital materials and help students develop 21st century technology skills, such as information and digital literacy — skills that local employers and colleges expect our students to have.

Location: Chattanooga, TN
Contact Name: Michael Watson
School/District: Chattanooga-Hamilton CO Library
Story:
Through the Emergency Connectivity Fund, we seek to address connectivity issues for Library patrons which represents a smaller fraction of the possibly eligible households. Two of the CPL's branches are located in high poverty areas. The East Lake/East Chattanooga communities, which are primarily Hispanic, have a poverty level over double the state of Tennessee average. The South Chattanooga branch services a predominately African-American population, and nearly half of residents around this area live below the poverty level. Above all, these two areas would benefit from this grant. Whether children or adults, CPL offers online learning, reading materials, story time for children, local history content, and much more. In awarding this grant, the FCC becomes a catalyst in life-long learning, walking side-by-side with the Chattanooga Public Library in the community.

Location: Roseville, MN
Contact Name: Christopher DeWuske
School/District: Concordia Academy
Story:
As we look to the future, especially in light of COVID, we realize the need for devices that are flexible in how they are used and equitable to students of all backgrounds for how they are accessed. To this end, rather than having a myriad of outdated devices checked out to students from carts, we want to be prepared if another wave of distance learning occurs and look beyond the scope of COVID learning to apply best practices in all technology areas proactively. This has historically not been the case for our school. I've noticed a lot of missed opportunities, and I'm hoping to remedy these through this ECF funding. We are not presently a 1:1 school or even a BYOD school. Most teachers are not technology literate, and our students are further behind than their public school counterparts in operational skills to access technology.

This should not be the case, and our students deserve better. With the opportunities provided through this funding, I would be able to train staff and students for 21st century competencies and close the digital gap, especially as it relates to technology access skills. It is also my goal to establish a digital coaching team to facilitate professional development opportunities and from there build a student team for peer support.The first step to many of these goals is to put devices in the hands of our students so they can access the tools that most other schools have access to. Without having these devices, I fear the digital gap for our students will only grow.

Location: Hamburg, NY
Contact Name: Michael Sullivan
School/District: Frontier Central School District
Story:
We found that the laptops change classroom circumstances (especially during COVID), making it easier for teachers to engage students in substantive, collaborative, project-based work. With laptops, student and teacher research can happen anywhere at anytime, at home, note taking, or journal writing can get done on the spot, preserving first impressions and providing immediate feedback. Classroom dynamics changed when each student had their own laptop or device every day. Computer based work - such as writing and revising, printing, and sharing or collecting data became one of many activities happening in the classroom. Teachers became more able to engage students in inquiry-oriented, project-based learning. Teachers tried new kinds of projects with their students and they conducted original research and authentic scientific experiments. Continuous access, for both teachers and students, to computer-based tools like this and data analysis programs facilitates this kind of long-term, in-depth teaching and learning.

Location: Mountain Village, AK
Contact Name: Gene Stone
School/District: Lower Yukon School District
Story:
Used their Emergency Connectivity Funding to pay for infrastructure to extend affordable internet access to the homes of students and teachers If the ECF funding ends in 2023, "...while the district's teachers and students will still need home access to the Internet, without a new source of funding, it will be out of reach." The fact remains that residential Internet in remote Alaska is simply not affordable. ECF made the critical infrastructure affordable, and it would be a waste of taxpayer dollars to just let that infrastructure go unused if ECF funding ends.

Location: Bangor, ME
School/District: All Saints Catholic School
Story:
All Saints Catholic School in Bangor, Maine was able to use ECF support to purchase 1:1 laptops for students in grades K-8 through the pandemic: "We were able to make a bulk request for state-of-the-art laptops and travel bags to allow students to get them home and back to school safely. Throughout the year many students got Covid and had to isolate and miss 5- 10 days of school. Nearly all children were well enough to continue to participate in their daily classes through Google Classroom due to mild symptoms. The laptops allowed this to happen without interruption in most cases. Teachers were also provided MacBooks for home use so they could continue to deliver instruction when remote learning was required. Normally a request like this would take our school 5 or more years to complete. With the ECF grant, we requested all that we needed at one time!"

Location: Baltimore, MD
School/District: Baltimore County Public School
Story:
Baltimore County Public Schools in Maryland has found ECF funding to have been instrumental in ensuring that all of our students who need high-speed internet receive it. "We are a mixed urban/rural school district/County, with varying needs of students from families not being able to afford high-speed internet in their homes, to families who live out in the countryside where high-speed copper or fiber services are not available at their homes. We have been able to utilize the ECF funding to provide equal access to any family who needed it, thus balancing the availability of high-speed mobile internet to any family who requested the service. The continuation of ECF-provided funding for the purpose of outfitting our buses, which transport approximately 80,000 students per day will help to extend the learning from home to school in the morning, and from school to home in the evenings. This will provide students access to educational resources no matter if the student only has a five-minute ride to/from school, or if the student has a thirty+ minute ride to/from school."

Location: Rockester, NY
School/District: Rochester City School District
Story:
Rochester City School District in New York utilized over $11.5M in funding from ECF and EducationSuperHighway's Bridge to Broadband Program to accurately identify all unconnected students in the district and cover the costs of laptops, tablets, wi-fi hotspots, modems, routers, and broadband connectivity purchases for off-campus use by students and school staff during the pandemic. Rochester City School Districts' efforts and the funding provided by ECF ensured that all students, regardless of zip code or circumstance, had equitable access to the internet and the opportunity to continue learning.

Location: Rockester, TX
School/District: Cypress-Fairbanks ISD (CFISD)
Story:
Cypress-Fairbanks ISD (CFISD) in Texas made the decision to provide every student a Chromebook device in 2020. In order to provide 118,000 students with a Chromebook device, "our district purchased approximately 75,000 Chromebook devices in addition to our existing inventory. CFISD has utilized the ECF funding to implement a replacement cycle for our 1:1 program as our older Chromebook devices begin to reach the point that they no longer receive operating system updates. The ECF program has afforded us the opportunity to purchase replacement devices; therefore, keeping students connected and playing a significant role in closing the homework gap."

Location: Houston, TX
School/District: Harris County Public Librar
Story:
Harris County Public Library in Houston, Texas conducted the largest Emergency Connectivity Fund tablet (15,000) and MiFi device (40,000) distribution program of any public library in the country. With more than 13 percent of households in Harris County lacking access to the internet, it is essential that the ECF program be continued and that additional funding be available to help continue meeting the critical need of our patrons who depend on this program for their internet connectivity.